Many people have the impression that the Victorian gold rushes not only began in mid-1851, but also occurred in response to discoveries earlier in that year near Bathurst, west of Sydney. Not so! The Victorian gold rushes of 1851 were a direct consequence of a largely forgotten gold discovery two years earlier in the Pyrenees … Continue reading 1849 The Rush That Never Started: Forgotten origins of the 1851 gold rushes in Victoria
WHO WAS MADAME CALLEGARI? Was she one of these? The Transported Convict The Venetian Merchant's Wife The Heroine of the Californian Goldrushes The Adventurer of the Mexican Jungles The Celebrity of European Literary Circles The Plantation Owner of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec No. Madame Callegari was not just one of these. In fact, she was … Continue reading The Journal of Madame Callegari
ABSTRACT The transportation of convicts to Australia between 1788 and the mid-1800s arouses mixed responses from those who seek the origins of Australian society and culture. The worst aspects of Australian character have readily been blamed upon convict ancestors, while the best aspects of that character might be seen as evidence of triumph over adversity, … Continue reading Ballarat’s Betsy Buckley: “victim of circumstance” or “habitual criminal”?
Parramatta, New South Wales by Lycett, Joseph, c. 1775-1828 Published by J. Souter, Sep.1, 1824 (National Library of Australia) Biographies of female convicts who spent some time at the Parramatta Female Factory previously prepared for the Parramatta Female Factory Online have been relocated to this page. Additional biographies also include female convicts who worked in … Continue reading Parramatta Female Factory Biographies
Earth, Wind, Fire, Water — Gold: Bushfires and the Origins of the Victorian Gold Rush Douglas Wilkie Originally published in History Australia, vol.10, no.2, August 2013 Abstract Many historians have noticed the coincidence of the 1851 Black Thursday fires in the Port Phillip District of New South Wales (Victoria) with the beginning of the Victorian … Continue reading Earth, Wind, Fire, Water – Gold!